A relatively new procedure in the surgical field, Targeted Muscle Reinnervation (TMR) assists in reassigning nerves.
The aim of TMR surgery is to reassign existing nerves in amputation patients, in order to help them control prosthetic devices. Currently, this operation has seen success in upper arm amputee patients, who are then fitted with a myoelectric prosthetic arm.
TMR surgery is currently appropriate for patients who meet the following criteria:
- Amputation above the elbow or at the shoulder within the last 10 years
- Stable soft tissues
- Willing to participate in rehabilitation
Those who were born without part or all of their arm and those who have nerve damage, degeneration or paralysis are not candidates for this procedure.1
Read this article from Advances in Wound Care journal (2017), for an in-depth overview of findings: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5564002/